Lesson 40 - Introduction to "Going to do"
Preparation for the Verb Structure used in this Video

Exercise 1

Teachers: Prepare your students for the verb structure they will hear in the videos for this lesson.
Students: Read, and click on the play button to listen.
Structure /
Vocabulary
Definition and Audio
going to (do, be, have, get, etc.)
verb structure

going to do

What's the main difference between the near future and future tenses? The most important difference is that the future uses "will" as an auxiliary: "Michael will have fun with his wife tonight" is the future tense. "Michael is going to have fun with his wife tonight" is the near future tense.

Uses of the Near Future:

Future plans: For example, Michael (in the video) is going to have fun with his wife tonight.

Also used for predictions based on visual evidence: Look at the sun this morning. It's going to be a beautiful day.

going to (do, be, have, get, etc.)
verb structure

 

Another difference between the near future and future tenses. "Will do" usually represents an undefined future moment. "Going to do" represents an action which often takes place soon in the future - in the near future.

In the second video, the interviewer asks Tom and Connie "Are you two going to get married?"  
I can't really say.
sentence - expression

 

The interviewer asks Michael "What are you going to do tonight?" Michael begins his answer with "I can't really say..."

Michael "can't really say" what he is going to do with his wife tonight. Are they going to rob a bank tonight?

going to do

I don't think so.
sentence


A negative reply, with doubt. Tom is not going to marry Connie. Michael and his wife are not going to rob a bank!

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